Nearly 50 years after landing on the Moon, mankind has currently set its sights on sending the 1st humans to Mars. The Moon trip took 3- days; a Mars trip will likely take the majority of a year. The difference is in more than presently time.
We’ll require many more supply for the trip itself, and when we get to the Red Planet, we’re going to need to set up camp and stay for a while. Carrying all this material will need a revolutionary rocket technology.
The Saturn V was the biggest rocket ever built. It consumed an enormous amount of fuel in volatile chemical reactions that propel the Apollo spacecraft into orbit.
After reaching orbit, Apollo evicted the empty fuel tanks and turned on its own chemical rockets that used even extra fuel to get to the Moon. It took almost a million gallons (3.7 million litres) of various fuels presently to send a few people on a day trip to our adjacent extraterrestrial body.
So how could we send a resolution to Mars, which is more than 100 times farther left than the Moon? The Saturn-Apollo mixture could deliver only the mass equal of one railroad boxcar to the Moon; it would take dozens of those rockets presently to build a small house on Mars.
Sadly, there are no alternative for the ‘chemical’ launch rocket; only powerful chemical explosion can give enough force to overcome Earth’s gravity. But once in space, a latest fuel-efficient rocket technology can take over: plasma rockets.Plasma rockets are a modern skill that transforms fuel into a hot soup of electrically charged particles, recognized as plasma, and ejects it to push a spacecraft. Using plasma rockets instead of the usual chemical rockets can reduce total in-space fuel usage by 90 percent.
That means we could deliver 10 times the total of cargo using the same fuel mass. NASA work planners are already looking into using plasma rocket carry vehicles for ferrying cargo between Earth & Mars.
The major downside to plasma rockets is their low thrust. Thrust is a measure of how sturdy a ‘push’ the rocket can supply to the spacecraft. The majority powerful plasma rocket flown in space, called a Hall thruster, would make only enough thrust to lift a piece of paper next to Earth’s gravity.
Believe it or not, a Hall thruster would take a lot of years of incessant pushing to reach Mars.
But don’t worry; weak thrust is not a deal breaker. Thanks to its revolutionary fuel competence, plasma rockets have enabled NASA to perform mission that would otherwise not be likely with chemical rockets.
Just recently, the Dawn mission demonstrated the possible of plasma rockets by becoming the 1st spacecraft to orbit two different extraterrestrial bodies.
While the future of plasma rockets is bright, the technology motionless has unsolved problems. For example, what’s going to take place to a thruster that runs for the many years it take to perform round-trip cargo missions to Mars? the majority likely, it’ll break.
That’s where my study comes in. I need to find out how to create plasma rockets immortal. Such a material on a thruster could make the difference between receiving to Mars and getting stuck halfway. The next step is to include the property of plasma redeposition and to determine whether a really immortal wall can be achieved.
As plasma thrusters become ever extra powerful, they become cleverer to damage their own walls, too. That increases the significance of a self-healing wall.
My ultimate goal is to design a thruster using higher materials that can last 10 times as extended as any Mars mission requirement, making it efficiently immortal. An eternal wall would solve this problem of thruster failure, and let us to ferry the cargo we need to start building mankind’s first outpost on Mars.